MP3 Tag Reader
Implementing an application to extract tags from the given MP3 file using C functions.
About this project
|ESTIMATED TIME||40 hours|
|PUBLISHED||15th March, 2021|
The MP3 tag reader is a software which will read and display MP3 (ID3) tag information from MP3 files. The software will be desktop based and not web based. The project will be useful to individuals who wish to view and collect MP3 tag data. This project can be extended to implement a tag editor, wherein users can modify mp3 tag information.
Implemented as a command line application, this should be able to handle some operations on the MP3 tags as called out below.
A Brief Introduction to ID3 Standard and Tags
ID3 is a metadata container most often used in conjunction with the MP3 audio file format. It allows information such as the title, artist, album, track number, and other information about the file to be stored in the file itself. There are two unrelated versions of ID3: ID3v1 and ID3v2. You will have to first detect the ID3 version before getting the tag details.
Total 128 bytes used for storing this metadata. If you one sum the size of all these fields we see that 30+30+30+4+30+1 equals 125 bytes and not 128 bytes. The missing three bytes can be found at the very end of the tag, before the song title. These three bytes are always “TAG” and is the identification that this is indeed an ID3 tag. As all artists doesn’t have a 30 character name it is said that if there are some bytes left after the information is entered in the field, those bytes should be filled with the binary value 0.
An ID3v2 tag starts with a tag header followed by one or more frames. Each frame in turn consists of a header and (usually) some kind of content. The ID3v2 tag is more flexible and hence more difficult to work with. An ID3v2 tag has a signature code of “ID3x” where x is the sub-version number of the tag. Typically, ID3v2 tags are found at the beginning of an MP3 file, but this is not an absolute restriction. What happens next depends on the subversion of the ID3v2 tag. As far as we can tell, there have been three versions so far: 2,3 and 4. Some important details about the headers are given below.
ID3v2 Frame header:
- ID3v2/file identifier “ID3”
- ID3v2 version $03 00 (2, 3 or 4)
- ID3v2 flags %abc00000
- ID3v2 size 4 * %0xxxxxxx (Total size of ID3 tag)
ID3v2.2 Frame header:
- Frame ID $xx xx xx(Three characters) [e.g.: TAL Album / Movie / Show title]
- TOA Original artist(s) / performer(s)
- Size $xx xx xx(Three characters)
ID3v2.3 or ID3v2.4 Frame header:
- Frame ID $xx xx xx xx (Four characters) [e.g.: TAL Album/Movie/Show title]
- TIT2 Title / song name /content description
- Size $xx xx xx xx (Four Characters)
- Flags $xx xx
Here is the list of requirements that your MP3 tag reader should be in a position to handle.
- Mandatory Features:
- This application, should be able to handle all ID3 versions (Except v2.4) tags.
- Display which version of ID3 tag is used.
- Display all the metadata information from ID3 tag.
- User should be able to change tags according to options given.
- Should display a help screen on request (-h option).
- If any image embedded in file, display details about image (Type, path and size).
- If ID3 tag not found display proper error messages.
- Additional Features:
- Add an option to extract the album art (image) from file.
- Add an option to delete all tag data from the file.
- In corporate ID3v2.4 version.
- It should be possible to delete a selected tag by options.
The skeleton code in a very interesting concept used in Emertxe. By looking into the skeleton code, you will get a clear picture into converting the given requirement into a working solution. This will also take care of important aspects like modularity, clean coding practices, re-usability etc.
Here are the sample output expected by the end of project execution.
Fig3: Print MP3 tag
Fig4: Edit Title Tag
Fig5: Edit Artist Tag